RESEARCH

RESEARCH PROJECTS


PHENOMENOLOGY AND AFFECTIVITY

The core of this research agenda is the description and conceptual analysis of intentionality of non-thematic emotional states, like moods and emotive dispositions, and their relations to the development of emotive environments. Particularly, the researchers of this area are interested in the genetic analysis of the constitution of value and the development of a phenomenological account of moral emotions, emphasizing their role in the experience of vulnerability and violence.
Additionally, this field involves the metaphysical and systematic implications of the main methodological problems of transcendental phenomenology. Particularly, the analysis of the horizon-intentionality and the performance of the phenomenological reduction.


ANTHROPOLOGY AND PHENOMENOLOGY

The approach of this research area is mainly oriented towards the exploration of the feasible conditions for constructing a phenomenological anthropology, as well as the scope of experience, revealed through this discipline, as a fundamental dimension of existence. This research area deals closely with other phenomenological disciplines - hermeneutics, for example -, and consistently draws on contemporary cultural theories. Language, freedom, institutions, history, and every other aspect that allow a philosophical access to the most basic - or universal - dimensions of human life, constitute the moments and subfields of this research area, which has redered to date three collective volumes and serveral international meetings, gathering some of the most prominent studies of contemporary anthropological, philosophical, and cultural theory research.


PHENOMENOLOGY AND FIRST PHILOSOPHY

The main aim of his PhD project is to determine to which point Husserl´s approach to the theory of knowledge is able to provide a methodical renewal of the possibility of a scientific first philosophy.
Husserl understands phenomenology as a form of basic research, which, as it is well known, he develops in the form of a theory of “consciousness-of-being” and “being-qua-conscious”. This kind of research – “correlational research” – enquires into the basic relations between "objective being", "judgement" and "intentional life".
The current phase of the project analyses the possibility of an unprejudiced enquiry into the ultimate presuppositions of knowledge as a correlational phenomenon. As a first step of this enquiry it has been necessary to draw a clear distinction between “founding” (Fundieren) as the act of building something up from its basic elements and “grounding” (Begründen) as the act of justifying (or justifiably denying) already existing (already “build up”) knowledge claims according to 1) its claimed evidence and 2) its hidden presuppositions. According to this, the phenomenological idea of an "ultimate grounding of knowledge" has two possible meanings: 1) reduction of a knowledge claim to the grounds of its rightfulness (quaestio juris) in some or other intuitive evidence and 2) explanation of the hidden presuppositions in the intentional “foundation” (be it explicit or implicit) of a knowledge claim. The first of these meanings designates a possibility of all knowledge as such. The second meaning designates a specific scientific possibility, namely one of “logical investigations oriented towards subjectivity”. These two possibilities, none of which amounts to a “foundationalism” in a traditional sense (the complete realization of both possibilities for every possible knowledge can only be thought of as the ideal goal of infinite epistemological tasks), are studied in Husserl´s phenomenology under strict methodical observation. It is in fact in order to study these possibilities, that Husserl develops his main three methods: transcendental reduction, intentional analysis and eidetic variation. The intertwining of these methods in the framework of the mentioned issue is the subject matter of his current analysis.